Buy Zaharoff - Das Chamäleon: Basil Zaharoff - der Dämon Europas (German Edition): Read Kindle Store Reviews - wattledcrane.com Sir Basil Zaharoff - Der König der Waffen | Robert Neumann | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch. Zacharias Basileus Zacharoff, better known as Sir Basil Zaharoff: arsonist, bigamist and pimp, arms dealer, honorary knight of the British Empire, confidant of kings.
7.1 (adrsz): Zaharoff, Sir Basil (Basileios Zacharias)wattledcrane.com World of Art. Home · Gallery · Works on Paper · Paper Set 01 · Paper Set 02 · Paper Set 03 · Oil on Canvas · Portraits · Simultaneous · Koepfe. Sir Basil Zaharoff einer der skrupellosesten und bislang rätselhaftesten Akteure hinter den weltpolitischen Kulissen der Jahrhundertwende. Sein Motto: "Ich. Zacharias Basileus Zacharoff, better known as Sir Basil Zaharoff: arsonist, bigamist and pimp, arms dealer, honorary knight of the British Empire, confidant of kings.
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Ihr erster Ehemann, der psychisch erkrankt war, hatte sie während der Zugfahrt angegriffen und verletzt, worauf sie Zaharoff in Sicherheit brachte.
Zaharoff gehörte zu den reichsten Menschen seiner Zeit. Angeblich soll er sogar Doppelgänger beschäftigt haben. Als Händler und später Fabrikant stand er nie auf der Seite nur einer Kriegspartei; er belieferte im Zweifel entgegen persönlicher Überzeugungen ebenso die Gegenpartei.
Als Freund von Eleftherios Venizelos unterstützte er dessen Megali Idea , was ihn nicht daran hinderte, Waffen an Atatürks Streitkräfte zu liefern.
Seine Belieferung beider Kriegsparteien ist immer wieder Gegenstand kritischer Dokumentationen.
In den er Jahren erschienen Publikationen, die Zaharoff als Kriegshetzer darstellten. So wurde behauptet, Basil Zaharoff sei eigentlich ein litauischer Jude namens Manel Sahar gewesen,  eine Quelle von behauptete, er sei ein levantinischer Jude names Zachariou.
Die Person Zaharoffs fand mehrfach Eingang in künstlerische Werke. George Bernard Shaw wählte Zaharoff als Vorbild für den skrupellosen Rüstungsfabrikanten Andrew Undershaft in seinem veröffentlichten Bühnenstück Major Barbara , das verfilmt wurde.
In Harald Brauns gedrehtem Film Herz der Welt wird er als Gegenspieler von Bertha von Suttner dargestellt, verkörpert von Werner Hinz. Der Name Zachanassian entsteht durch Zusammenziehen von Zacharoff Dürrenmatt bezieht sich auf diese Schreibweise , Onassis und Gulbenkian.
A Spanish Navy lawyer denounced the Spanish Government for two alleged crimes of "prevarication. The Central Chief of Staff and the Boss of the Armada Juridic Service were fired, and hundreds of officers were imprisoned and lost their jobs.
Zaharoff's power and influence in Spain lasted until his death in , the year in which the Spanish Civil War began. Although very little could be proved, Zaharoff was viewed as a master of bribery and corruption, but the few incidents that did become public, such as the large bribes received by Japanese Admiral Fuji is this anachronistically referring to the Siemens scandal?
In , the Maxim-Nordenfelt association broke up, and Zaharoff chose to go with Maxim. Using his commissions, Zaharoff bought shares in Maxim's company until he was in a position to tell Maxim that he was no longer an employee, but an equal shareholder.
By , the Maxim company had become important enough that it received a buyout offer from Vickers, one of the then giants of the armaments industry.
This involved substantial settlements in both cash and shares for Maxim and Zaharoff. From then until , while Maxim's business enthusiasm waned, Zaharoff's enthusiasm grew, and he expanded his portfolio of Vickers shares.
After Maxim's retirement, Zaharoff was appointed to Vickers' board of directors. The s decade was a time for many European armies to rebuild and modernize.
Germany and the United Kingdom both sought improved naval capability, and Vickers, with Zaharoff, were willing and able to service both sides.
After its disastrous defeat by Japan in , the Russian Navy also needed new equipment, but Russia was handcuffed by a wave of protectionism that required domestic industry for the rebuilding.
Zaharoff's response was to build a huge Russian arms production complex at Tsaritsyn as a subsidiary of Vickers. The opening of Russian Tsarist archives after World War I led to some insights into the tactics of the arms industry.
One letter, in particular, was written from the Paul von Gontard Factory a secretly-controlled Vickers company in Germany to a Vickers-associate in Paris recommending that press releases be sent out to the French press suggesting that the French improve their military to meet the threat posed by German re-armament.
These French newspaper articles were recorded by the Reichstag , and instigated a vote to increase military spending, all of which worked to the advantage of Zaharoff.
In the years immediately preceding World War I , Zaharoff's fortunes grew in other areas to support his arms business.
By purchasing the L'Union Parisienne des Banques Union Parisienne Bank , which was traditionally associated with heavy industry, he was better able to control his financing arrangements.
By gaining control of Excelsior, the popular French daily newspaper, he could guarantee favourable editorials for the arms industry.
To gain public recognition and acclaim, he founded a retirement home for ex-French sailors, while a Chair in Aerodynamics at the University of Paris led to further honours.
In April , Australian newspapers  published reports from London dated 25 April that M. The Olympic Games were subsequently cancelled because of the war.
Zaharoff's donation represented a substantial contribution. In March , Vickers announced a new dawn of prosperity. During the course of the war, Vickers would produce 4 ships of the line [ citation needed ] , 3 cruisers, 53 submarines, 3 auxiliary vessels, 62 light vessels, 2, cannon, 8,, tonnes of steel ordnance, 90, mines, 22, torpedoes, 5, airplanes and , machine guns.
By , Zaharoff had close ties with both David Lloyd George and Aristide Briand. It is reported that, on the occasion of one visit with Briand, Zaharoff surreptitiously left an envelope on Aristide Briand's desk; the envelope contained a million francs for war widows.
One of Zaharoff's tasks during the Great War was to ensure that Greece joined the war on the Allied side, helping to reinforce the eastern front.
On the surface, this seemed impossible [ clarification needed ] since King Constantine was a brother-in-law of the Kaiser. Setting up a press agency in Greece to spread news favourable to the Allies, led, within a few months, to Constantine's deposal in favour of Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos.
In the years that followed, Zaharoff involved himself in the affairs of the lesser powers, which the Big Four , involved in remaking Europe, could happily ignore.
In particular, he set out to ensure that Greece and Venizelos received a proper share from the spoils from the badly weakened Turkey.
In , he donated half a billion gold francs to the Greek State for the Greek cause Megali Idea. In the elections that followed, Constantine's loyalists managed to force Venizelos to flee, but Zaharoff stayed around to persuade the same King that he had to attack Turkey again.
But with Mustafa Kemal now in charge of Turkey, this venture was bound to fail. Zaharoff's war adventures were not well received by the press in Paris and London.
Zaharoff was also involved in two more significant financial ventures in October , becoming involved in the incorporation of a company that was a predecessor to oil giant British Petroleum.
He foresaw that there was a great future in the oil business. He succeeded in returning the casino to profit again. Louis had noted their gradual erosion over the subsequent three centuries.
Zaharoff was friends with the actress Sarah Bernhardt and her Greek husband Jacques Damala. When Damala's mistress had an illegitimate daughter by Damala in , she left the baby and a note in a basket on Sarah Bernhardt's doorstep.
Baptised Teresa, the baby was given to Zaharoff, who found a family to raise her in eastern Thrace at Adrianopole. Zaharoff was fascinated by aviation , and gave money and other support to pioneers in Great Britain, France and Russia.
He encouraged Hiram Maxim's attempt to build a flying machine, and claimed he and Maxim were the first men to be lifted off the earth, when Maxim tested his first "flying machine" at Bexley in He married an English woman — it is believed [ by whom?
Previously married to a cousin of the King of Spain Alfonso XII , Lady Zaharoff was reputed [ citation needed ] to be one of the richest women in Spain.
About eighteen months after their marriage, she died of an infection. After the death of Lady Zaharoff he began selling his business assets and drafted his memoirs.
He apparently burnt the manuscript [ citation needed ] after it was stolen by a valet and recovered by police.
Princess Marthe Bibesco claims Basil Zaharoff was an illegitimate son of her maternal grandfather. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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